PREAMBLECongress of the United States begun and held at the City of New-York, on Wednesday the fourth of March, one thousand seven hundred and eighty nine THE Conventions of a number of the States, having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added: And as extending the ground of public confidence in the Government, will best ensure the beneficent starts of its institution. RESOLVED by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two thirds of both Houses concurring, that the following Articles be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States, as amendments to the Constitution of the United States, all, or any of which Articles, when ratified by three fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution; viz. ARTICLES in addition to, and Amendment of the Constitution of the United States of America, proposed by Congress, and ratified by the Legislatures of the several States, pursuant to the fifth Article of the original Constitution.
AMENDMENTS1st Amendment – Establishment Clause, Free Exercise Clause; freedom of speech, of the press, Freedom of Religion, and of assembly; right to petition, Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. 2nd Amendment – Militia (United States), Sovereign state, Right to keep and bear arms. A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the People to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed. 3rd Amendment – Protection from quartering of troops. No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. 4th Amendment – Protection from unreasonable search and seizure. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized. 5th Amendment – due process, double jeopardy, self-incrimination, eminent domain. No person shall be held to answer for any capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation. 6th Amendment – Trial by jury and rights of the accused; Confrontation Clause, speedy trial, public trial, right to counsel. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district where in the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense. 7th Amendment – Civil trial by jury. In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law. 8th Amendment – Prohibition of excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. 9th Amendment – Protection of rights not specifically enumerated in the Bill of Rights. The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. 10th Amendment – Powers of States and people. The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
The 27 Amendments to the United States ConstitutionThe US Constitution, recognized as the supreme and basic law upon which the framework of the US government is set, has been amended 27 times over the past 200 years. The first 10 amendments are collectively known as the 'Bill of Rights' and the other 17 are the subsequent amendments. Here's a detailed list of the 27 amendments to the US Constitution.
- Freedom of Religion, Assembly, Petition, Press, Opinion, and Speech.
- The freedom to bear arms
- No military in your home except in war time.
- No unreasonable searches
- The right to remain silent and not incriminate yourself
- The right to a speedy and public trial
- The right to a jury trial in civil matters of $20 and over.
- The right to fair fines and bail. No cruel and unusual punishment
- Individual Rights. Rights that are not in the constitution are still rights given to citizens.
- State Rights. Any right not given in the constitution is given to the states to legislate.
- You cannot sue another state except with permission by that state’s judicial system.
- The electoral college must have two separate elections for president and vice president
- Emancipation. All slaves are free.
- Foreign born citizens can vote
- All men get the right to vote – including ex-slaves
- The Federal Income Tax is established
- The people elect their own US senators
- Alcohol is prohibited
- Women get the right to vote
- January 20th is the day that a new president takes office
- It is no longer illegal to drink Alcohol. The 18th amendment is struck down.
- A president can only have 2 terms in office.
- Washington DC can vote for the president
- You may not charge people money so that they can register to vote.
- Lays down the rules for who becomes president if the president dies/resigns etc.
- You can vote at the age of 18.
- Congressmen cannot vote to give themselves a raise in the same term.
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