TYPES OF LEGISLATION

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BILLS

Bill - A legislative proposal that if passed by both the House and the Senate and approved by the President becomes law. Each bill is assigned a bill number. HR denotes bills that originate in the House and S denotes bills that originate in the Senate.
Private Bill - A bill that is introduced on behalf of a specific individual that if it is enacted into law only affects the specific person or organization the bill concerns. Often, private bills address immigration or naturalization issues.
Public Bill - A bill that affects the general public if enacted into law.

RESOLUTIONS

Simple Resolution - A type of legislation designated by House Simple Resolution or Senate Simple Resolution that is used primarily to express the sense of the chamber where it is introduced or passed. It only has the force of the chamber passing the resolution. A simple resolution is not signed by the President and cannot become Public Law.
Concurrent Resolutions - A type of legislation designated by House Concurrent Resolution or Senate Concurrent Resolution that is often used to express the sense of both chambers, to set annual budget or to fix adjournment dates. Concurrent resolutions are not signed by the President and therefore do not hold the weight of law.
Joint Resolutions - A type of legislation designated by House Joint Resolution or Senate Joint Resolution that is treated the same as a bill unless it proposes an amendment to the Constitution. In this case, 2/3 majority of those present and voting in both the House and the Senate and ?ratification of the states are required for the Constitutional amendment to be adopted